The term Recharge Weir (RW) describes small weirs constructed in rivers to achieve periodic retention of the flowing water for aquifer recharge purposes of and / or to reduce flooding. This is often done with stone gabions that are placed perpendicularly to the flow of the river. The RW of Akrounta LIM081 or Arkounta Reservoir is located in the river bed of Akrounta or Argaki tou Monasteriou as it is known. It is found within the administrative area of the Akrounta community 0.89km northwest from the community centre. It is located a few kilometers upstream of the Germasogeia reservoir (LIM025). Hydrologically it is also related with the Irrigation Reservoir of Arakapa No.1 (LIM016). It was constructed in 1947 in order to provide permanent irrigation to the fields of the community with central water transfer grooves. The project was executed by the Irrigation Department of Akrounta (founded in 1945) with a contribution of the colonial Government. In order to implement the project, the Irrigation Department of Akrounta had to borrow £ 1500 with a repayment period of 15 years, 3% interest rate and annual instalment of 61 pounds, 16 shillings and 6 piastres. For its repayment a tax was imposed to beneficial landowners according to the extent of their land. (1) It has an extent (area) of 1399,2628 m2 .m2 and a capacity of 23000 m3. The water is used for the irrigation of an area of 53 hectares (2). The RW is fed by the flow of the river, which drains to a catchment area of 25,5 km2 (3). The presence of the water in the RW is permanent. The wetland vegetation includes shrubby and arborescent species such as Nerium oleander, Pinus brutia, Rubus sanctus, Tamarix sp., the reeds Arundo donax, Phragmites australis, herbaceous with Polypogon maritimus, and is an alien species the Acacia sp. The fauna, the wetland includes the crab Potamon potamios, various species of dragonfly, Gambusia affinis fish, a type of frog the Pelophylax bedriagae, and three species of birds Columba palumbus, Falco tinnunculus, Alectoris chukar. There have also been reports of periodic presence of the Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra), Garganey(Anas querquedula), mallards (Anas platyrhynchos), the kingfisher (Alcedo atthis). There was also a reference for the counting of at least 85 Black-crowned night heron(Nycticorax nycticorax) in June 2014. The presence of an eel is also reported (Anguilla anguilla) in the past (1). Relevant information is posted in the "Archive" of wetlands and on the website of the Cultural Group of Akrounta. The RW falls into a Temporary Restricted Area of Hunting (4) Is also located within the immediate area Reservoir Potable Water Protection of Germasogeia reservoir ( LIM025 ) (5 ) . The biological value of the wetland is considered to be low. One problem that the RW is facing is the blockage caused by precipitation of 20 years after its construction. Since then, the capacity for the retention of amounts of water has been reduced significantly. Reporting period of Raw Data: 04/06/2015 Field Surveyor: A. Papatheodoulou (1) Louroutziatis P. (2015). Presentation "The wetlands of Akrountas". Cultural Club of Akrounta 15 May 2015. (2) Christofides N., Kyrou K., Pisti E., Ioannou A., Avgoustis M., Chatzigianni N. (2009). Dams of Cyprus. Water Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment (3) Evangelidou S. (2011). Dams of Cyprus and their environment. Energy, Environment and Water Research Center (EEWRC). The Cyprus Institute. How to cite Wetlands of Cyprus: Papatheodoulou A., Sergides L., Michael K, Emirzade T., Victoria M., Anastasi A. 2015- (continuously updated): Wetlands of Cyprus – Inventory of the wetlands of Cyprus. Published at [date]

Wetland data

Basic information
Wetland location: Inland
Wetland type: Artificial
Wetland area: 0.13990 Ha
Hydrological interaction: Yes 
Water salinity: Fresh
Type of fresh water input: Torrent / Stream
Surface water runoff Outflow controlled by spillway
Open water area (%): 5 - 25
Hydroperiod: Permanent
Geographic information
District: LIMASSOL
Municipality/Community: AKROUNTA
Longitude: 33.075300 East
Latitude: 34.770900 North
Biological significance
Biological significance: Low
Ramsar wetland type
Type Coverage (%)
2 -- Ponds; includes farm ponds, stock ponds, small tanks; (generally below 8 ha) > 95
Protection statuses
Protection status category Protection status subcategory Area's name Code Coverage area (%) Legislation
Aquatic Protection Close Protection Zone for Drinking Water Supply Re 100
Game Reserve Area Temporary 100
Planning Regime Other Z3 94
Planning Regime Other Z1 6
Ecosystem services
Type of ecosystem service Ecosystem service Scale of Βenefit (%) Importance
Regulatory services Flood hazard regulation
Supporting services Provision of habitat
Regulatory services Water regulation
Activities on wetland
Activity Intensity
421 = disposal of household waste Low
530 = Improved access to site Low
800 = Landfill land reclamation and drying out general Low
910 = Silting up High
952 = eutrophication Low
Activities on catchment area
Activity Intensity
100 = Cultivation Low
107 = tree crops Medium
430 = Agricultural structures Low
530 = Improved access to site Low
Impact Intensity
LA- = Decrease in transport capability Low
LR- = Decrease in flow regulation Low
SS- = Soil siltation Low
Habitat types
Type Coverage (%)
CY17 Water-fringing beds of tall canes and medium tall grass beds 51 - 75
Vegetation types
Type Coverage (%)
Alien Species < 5
Shrubby / Arborescent < 5
Emergent 76 - 95
Species Presence status References
Acacia sp. Present A. Papatheodoulou, 04/06/2015
Arundo donax Dominant A. Papatheodoulou, 04/06/2015
Nerium oleander Present A. Papatheodoulou, 04/06/2015
Phragmites australis Present A. Papatheodoulou, 04/06/2015
Pinus brutia Present A. Papatheodoulou, 04/06/2015
Polypogon maritimus Present A. Papatheodoulou, 04/06/2015
Rubus sanctus Present A. Papatheodoulou, 04/06/2015
Tamarix sp. Present A. Papatheodoulou, 04/06/2015


Presence status in wetland

Pelophylax bedriagae (Pallas 1771) Common
A. Papatheodoulou, 04/06/2015


Presence status in wetland

Gambusia affinis (S. F. Baird & Girard, 1853)


Presence status in wetland

A. Papatheodoulou, 04/06/2015
Potamon potamios (Olivier, 1804)
A. Papatheodoulou, 04/06/2015

Evangelidou S. (2011). Dams of Cyprus and their environment. Energy, Environment and Water Research Center (EEWRC). The Cyprus Institute.

Water Development Deapartment Data (Accessed 07/2015)

Λουρουτζιάτης Π. (2015). Παρουσίαση «Οι υγροβιότοποι της Ακρούντας». Πολιτιστικός Όμιλος Ακρούντας 15 Μαϊου 2015.

Game and Fauna Service Data (Accessed 06/2015)

Christofides N., Kyrou K., Pisti E., Ioannou E., Augousti M., Hatzigiannis N. (2009). Dams of Cyprus. Water Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture Natural Resources and Environment